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Who Controlled The Middle East Before The Sykes-Picot Agreement

The British and French governments, as protectors of the Arab state, agree that they will not and will not themselves accept territorial property in the Arabian Peninsula, nor will they accept a third power that installs a naval base either on the east coast or on the Red Sea islands. However, this does not hinder the adaptation of the border with Aden, which may be necessary in the wake of the recent Turkish aggression. The most important, at least from a historical point of view, was the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. More recently, it is the collapse of Arab nation-states in the region and the rise of the Islamic State (IS). For a period of twenty years, the existing Turkish tariff remains in effect in all blue and red zones as well as in zones (a) and b) and there is no increase in tariffs or conversions of value at certain rates, unless agreed between the two powers. On 15 September, the British distributed a memory aid (which had been the subject of a private debate two days earlier between Lloyd George and Clemenceau [103]), in which the British withdrew their troops in Palestine and Mesopotamia and handed over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Fayçal`s troops. While accepting the withdrawal, clemenceau continued to insist on the Sykes-Picot agreement as the basis for all discussions. [104] On October 21, 1915, Grey Cambon met and proposed to France to appoint a representative to discuss Syria`s future borders, with Britain wishing to support the creation of an independent Arab state. At that time, Grey was confronted with competing demands of the French and Hussein and had sent a telegram to Cairo the day before asking the High Commissioner to be as vague as possible in his next letter to Sharif, as he spoke of the northwest corner of Syrian territory that Hussein claimed, and mcMahon with “discretion in the matter as it is urgent and there is no time to discuss a precise formula.” “If something more specific is needed, you can give it away.” [24] US President Woodrow Wilson rejected all secret agreements between allies and encouraged open diplomacy and ideas of self-determination.