However, with regard to bilateral trade relations, this agreement has not solved all the problems. Because of the differences between the two countries in terms of the social system, ideology, culture and, above all, the deterioration of bilateral political relations, Sino-U.S. Trade relations have been marred by tensions and disputes over the past decade. These problems will persist even after China formally joins the World Trade Organization and the United States grants PNTR status to China. From a Chinese perspective, there are four main questions: disagreement over the trade imbalance resulting from different methods of calculating trade figures; U.S. economic sanctions against China and control of U.S. technology exports; so-called “monetary manipulation”; And human rights related to trade relations. China-U.S. Trade could remain a hot political issue in the United States and continue to weigh on bilateral relations. This essay aims to give the Amer ican public a Chinese perspective on these topics. I hope that this will facilitate mutual understanding, encourage both countries to regulate them at the labour level, and eventually defuse trade issues and remove them from all of China and the United States. The relationship. Formal diplomatic relations between the United States and the People`s Republic of China were not established until 1979 and trade relations were hampered by the high tariffs of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930.
After the two governments settled claims from the 1950 Korean War, Congress in 1980 granted China the status of the most favored nation. However, China-U.S. trade was still hampered by the Jackson-Vanik amendment of 1974, which conditioned trade with the United States on certain human rights metrics. The Jackson-Vanik Amendment allowed the President to grant an annual waiver from 1980. However, this request was contrary to World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, which prohibit discrimination against members, and the United States has refused China`s membership in the WTO. On 24 May 2000, the U.S. House of Representatives finally voted, by a majority of 237 to 197, in favour of granting the NRNP to China. Under the law, the United States would remove Congress` annual review of China`s trade status, removing the main obstacle to the implementation of the U.S.-China trade agreement, reached last November.