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The Munich Agreement Signed In 1938

On 28 and 29 April 1938, Daladier met in London with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain to discuss the situation. Chamberlain, who could not see how Hitler could be prevented from completely destroying Czechoslovakia if that was his intention (which Chamberlain doubted), argued that Prague should be called upon to make territorial concessions to Germany. The French and British leaders believed that peace could only be saved by moving the German territories of the Sudetenland out of Czechoslovakia. Since most of the border areas are in the area ceded under the Munich Agreement, the rest of Czechoslovakia, despite its relatively large reserves of modern armaments, was totally open to further invasions. In a speech to the Reichstag, Hitler spoke of the importance of the occupation for the strengthening of the German army and said: That Germany, occupying Czechoslovakia, won 2,175 rifles and cannons, 469 tanks, 500 pieces of anti-aircraft artillery, 43,000 machine guns, 1,090,000 military rifles, 114,000 pistols, about one billion small arms and three million rounds of ammunition. This could arm about half of the Wehrmacht. [93] Czechoslovakian weapons later played an important role in the German conquest of Poland and France, the latter of which had pushed Czechoslovakia to capitulate to the Sudetenland in 1938. On 22 September, Chamberlain, who wanted to travel to Bad Godesberg for further conversations just before his plane to Germany, told the press who met him there that “my goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the way to that peace.” [32] Chamberlain came to Cologne, where he received a big reception with a German band that played “God Save the King” and Germans who offered flowers and gifts to Chamberlain. [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all Sudetenland without reduction would force Hitler to accept the agreement.

[32] When Hitler heard, he replied, “Does this mean that the Allies have accepted the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany?”, Chamberlain replied “Exactly,” to which Hitler replied by shaking his head, saying that the Allies` offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia to be completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take them or leave them. [32] Chamberlain was upset by this statement. [32] Hitler added to Chamberlain that the assassination of Germans since his last meeting, 15 Czechoslovakia, of which Hitler was part of the assassination of Germans, made the situation unbearable for Germany. [32] Winston Churchill, who denounced the agreement in the House of Commons on 5 October 1938,[98] stated: On 2 October 1938, in a letter to his sister Hilda, Czechoslovakia was informed by Great Britain and France that it could either resist Nazi Germany or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovakian government single-purposely acknowledged the desperation of the fight against the Nazis, reluctantly capitulated (30 September) and agreed to abide by the agreement. The colony gave Germany, from 10 October, the Sudetenland and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia as long as Hitler promised not to go any further.